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Miguel Bugalho

Scientific Coordinator and of the Wildlife Management Research Area

Email: migbugalho(a#t)isa.ulisboa.pt

Miguel Bugalho is Principal Investigator at the Centre for Applied Ecology "Prof. Baeta Neves " (CEABN) and Assistant Professor of Forest and Wildllife Ecology and Conservation at the Department of Natural Resources and Environment, School of Agriculture (ISA), University of Lisbon. He has a PhD in Zoology from the University of Aberdeen and the Macaulay Land Use Research Institute, UK, an MSc in Ecology from the University of Aberdeen, UK, and a first degree in Forestry, Natural Resource Management, from the Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal. He has had Post-doctoral experience in CSIRO, Australia and the Nicholas School of Environment, Duke University, USA. Miguel Bugalho currently leads a group of 5 PhD students and 1 post-doctoral associate.


Research Interests

Miguel Bugalho research interests rely on the field of animal ecology and in particularly on the foraging ecology of large mammalian herbivores. He is interested in knowing how different herbivores, namely wild ruminants, use plant resources and how plants and ecosystems respond to these animals. This may provide opportunities for using herbivores as habitat management tools. Miguel Bugalho also collaborates with the Mediterranean Program of the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), a global non-governmental conservation organization, through which he developed research interests on the field of sustainable management of forest ecosystems. He is particularly interested in knowing how forest management affects the conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services of Mediterranean evergreen oak woodlands.

Vaz, P.G., Bugalho, M.N., Fedriani, J.M., 2024, Grazing hinders seed dispersal during crop failure in a declining oak woodland. Science of Total Environment, 97

(doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.167835)

Bakker, J.D., Price, J.N., Henning, J.A., Batzer, E.E., Ohlert, T.J., Wainwright. C.E., Adler, P.B., Alberti, J., Arnillas CA, Biederman, L.A., Borer, E.T., Brudvig, L.A., Buckley, Y.M., Bugalho, M.N. et al., 2023, Compositional variation in grassland plant communities. Ecosphere, 14: e4542

(doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.4542)

Chen, Q.Q, Wang, S.P., Borer, E.T., Bakker, J.D., Seabloom, E.W., Harpole, W.S., Eisenhauer, N., Lekberg, Y., Buckley, Y.M., Catford, J.A., Roscher, C., Donohue, I., Power, S.A., Daleo, P., Ebeling, A., Knops, J.M.H., Martina, J.P., Eskelinen, A., Mo, 2023, Multidimensional responses of grassland stability to eutrophication. Nature Communications, 14:6375

(doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-023-42081-0)

Garrote, P.J., Bugalho, M.N., Fedrian,i J.M., 2023, Seedling responses to moderate and severe herbivory: a field-clipping experiment with a keystone Mediterranean palm. Plant Biology, 25: 1058-1070

(doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/plb.13581)

Lobo-do-Vale, R., Haberstroh, S., Werner, C., Nogueira, C., Bugalho, M.N., Caldeira, M.C., 2023, Effects of Shrub Encroachment on Carbon Assimilation and Growth of Mediterranean Cork Oak Trees Depend on Shrub Cover Density. Forests, 14: 960

(doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/f14050960)

Siebert, J., Sünnemann, M., Hautier, Y.., Risch, A.C., Bakker, J.D., Biederman, L., Blumenthal, D.M., Borer, E.T., Bugalho, M.N. et al., 2023, Drivers of soil microbial and detritivore activity across global grasslands. Communications Biology, 6: 1220

(doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s42003-023-05607-2)

Silva, L.N., Anderson, J., Ghazoul, J., Keenan, R., Dalton, F., Bugalho, M.N., 2023,

Contributing to sustainable landscapes and biodiversity goals through well-managed and properly governed planted forests. Unasylva, 254: 91-97


Spohn, M., Bagchi, S., Biederman, L.A., Borer, E.T., Brathen, K.A., Bugalho, M.N. et al., 2023, The positive effect of plant diversity on soil carbon depends on climate. Nature Communications, 14:6624

(doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-023-42340-0)

Vázquez, E., Borer, E.T., Bugalho, M.N. et al., 2023, The synergistic response of primary production in grasslands to combined nitrogen and phosphorus addition is caused by increased nutrient uptake and retention. Plant and Soil, 490: 371-383

(doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-023-06083-7)

Wilfahrt, P.A., Seabloom, E.W., Bakker, J.D., Biederman, L., Bugalho, M.N. et al., 2023, Nothing lasts forever: Dominant species decline under rapid environmental change in global grasslands. Journal of Ecology, 111: 2472-2482

(doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.14198)

Carroll, O., Batzer, E., Bharath, S., Borer, E.T., Campana, S., Esch, E., Hautier, Y., Ohlert, T., Seabloom, E.W., Adler, P.B., Bakker, J.D., Biederman, L., Bugalho, M., et al, 2022, Nutrient identity modifies the destabilising effects of eutrophication in grasslands. Ecology Letters 25: 754-765.

(doi: 10.1111/ele.13946)

Chen, Q., Wang, S., Seabloom, E.W., MacDougall, A.S., Borer, E.T., Bakker, J.D., Donohue, I., Knops, J.M.H., Morgan, J.W., Carroll, O., Crawley, M., Bugalho, M., et al, 2022, Nutrients and herbivores impact grassland stability across spatial scales through different pathways. Global Change Biology 28: 2678-2688.

(doi: 10.1111/gcb.16086)

Ebeling, A., Strauss, A.T., Adler, P.B., Arnillas, C.A., Barrio, I.C., Biederman, L.A., Borer, E.T., Bugalho, M., et al, 2022, Nutrient enrichment increases invertebrate herbivory and pathogen damage in grasslands. Journal of Ecology, 110: 327-33.

(doi: 10.1111/1365-2745.13801)

Flinzberger. L., Zinngrebe. Y., Bugalho, M., Plieninger, T., 2022, EU-wide mapping of "Protected Designations of Origin" food products (PDOs) reveals correlations with social-ecological landscape values. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 42: 43.

(doi: 10.1007/s13593-022-00778-4)

Leal, A.I., Bugalho, M., Palmeirim, J.M., 2022, Effects of ungulates on oak regeneration in Mediterranean woodlands: A meta-analysis. Forest Ecology and Management 509:120077

(doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2022.120077)

Mexia, T., Lecomte, X., Caldeira, M.C., Bugalho, M., 2022, Conservation zones increase habitat heterogeneity of certified Mediterranean oak woodlands. Forest Ecology and Management 504: 119811

(doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2021.119811)

Price, J.N., Sitters, J., Ohlert. T., Tognetti, P.M., Brown, C.S., Seabloom, E.W., Borer, E.T., Prober, S.M., Bakker, E.S., MacDougall, A.S., Yahdjian, L., Gruner, D.S., Venterink, H.O., Barrio, I.C., Graff, P., Bagchi, S., Arnillas, C.A., , 2022, Evolutionary history of grazing and resources determine herbivore exclusion effects on plant diversity. Nature Ecology & Evolution 6: 1290-1298.

(doi: 10.1038/s41559-022-01809-9)

Vázquez, E., Schleuss, P.M., Borer, E.T., Bugalho, M., et al, 2022, Nitrogen but not phosphorus addition affects symbiotic N2 fixation by legumes in natural and semi-natural grasslands located on four continents. Plant and Soil, 478: 689-707.

(doi: 10.1007/s11104-022-05498-y)

Acácio, V., Dias, F.S., Catry, F.X., Bugalho, M.N., Moreira, F., 2021, Canopy Cover Loss of Mediterranean Oak Woodlands: Long-term Effects of Management and Climate. Ecosystems 24: 1775-1791.

(doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-021-00617-9)

Botequim, B., Bugalho, M.N., Rodrigues, A.R., Marto, M., Marques, S., Borges, J.G., 2021, Combining tree species composition and understory coverage indicators with optimization techniques to address concerns with landscape-level biodiversity. Land 10(2), 126.

(doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/land10020126)

Biber, P., Felton, A., Nieuwenhuis, M., Lindbladh, M., Black, K., Bahýl, J., Bingöl, O., Borges, J.G., Botequim, B., Brukas, V., Bugalho, M.N., et al., 2020, Forest Biodiversity, Carbon Sequestration, and Wood Production: Modeling Synergies and Trade-Offs for Ten Forest Landscapes Across Europe. Front. Ecol. Evol. 8:547696

(doi: https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2020.547696)

Ćosović, M., Bugalho, M.N., Thom, D. and Borges, J.G., 2020, Stand Structural Characteristics Are the Most Practical Biodiversity Indicators for Forest Management Planning in Europe. Forests 2020 11(3): 343.

(doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/f11030343)

Hautier, Y., Zhang, P., Loreau, M., Wilcox, K., Seabloom, E.W., Borer, E.T., Byrnes, J., Koerner, S., Komatsu, K., Lefcheck, J., Hector, A., Adler, P.B., Alberti, J., Arnillas, C.A., Bakker, J.D., Brudvig, L.A., Bugalho, M.N., et al., 2020, General  destabilizing  effects  of  eutrophication  on  grassland  productivity  at  multiple spatial scales. Nature Communications (in press)

(doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-19252-4)

Silva, V., Catry, F.X, Fernandes, P.M, Rego, F.C., Bugalho, M.N., 2020, Trade-offs between fire hazard reduction and conservation in a Natura 2000 shrub-grassland mosaic. Applied Vegetation Science 23 (1): 39-52.

(doi: 10.1111/avsc.12463)

Velamazán, M., Perea, R., Bugalho, M.N., 2020, Ungulates and ecosystem services in Mediterranean woody systems: A semi-quantitative review. Journal for Nature Conservation 55: 125837

(doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnc.2020.125837)

Firn, J., McGree, J.M., Harvey, E., Flores-Moreno, H., Schutz, M., Buckley, Y.M., Borer, E.T., Seabloom, E.W., La Pierre, K.J., MacDougall, A.M., Prober, S.M., Stevens, C.J., Sullivan, L.L., Porter, E., Ladouceur, E., Allen, C., Bugalho, M.N, et al., 2019, Leaf nutrients, not specific leaf area, are consistent indicators of elevated nutrient inputs. Nature Ecology and Evolution 3: 400-406.

(doi: 10.1038/s41559-018-0790-1)

Ghazoul J, Bugalho MN, Keenan R, 2019, Plantations take economic pressure off natural forests. Nature 570: 307.

(doi: 10.1038/d41586-019-01878-0)

Leal, A., Correia, R., Palmeirim, J., Bugalho, M.N., 2019, Is research supporting sustainable management in a changing world? Insights from a Mediterranean silvopastoral system. Agroforestry Systems 93: 355–368

(doi: 10.1007/s10457-018-0231-9)

Nordström, E.M., Nieuwenhuis, M., Baskent, E.Z., Biber, P., Black, K., Borges, J.G., Bugalho, M.N. et al., 2019, Forest decision support systems for the analysis of ecosystem services provisioning at the landscape scale under global climate and market change scenarios. European Journal of Forest Research 138: 561–581.

(doi: 10.1007/s10342-019-01189-z)

Silva, V., Catry, F.X., Fernandes, P.M., Rego, F.C., Paes, P., Nunes, L. Caperta, A.D., Sérgio, C., Bugalho, M.N., 2019, Effects of grazing on plant composition, conservation status and ecosystem services of Natura 2000 shrub‑grassland habitat types. Biodiversity and Conservation 28(5): 1205-1224

(doi: 10.1007/s10531-019-01718-7)

Vaz, P.G., Bugalho, M.N., Fedriani, J.M., Branco, M., Lecomte, X., Nogueira, C., Caldeira, M.C., 2019, Unravelling associations between tree-seedling performance, herbivory, competition, and facilitation in high nature value farmlands. Journal of Environmental Management 232: 1066–1074

(doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.11.082)

Bugalho, M.N., 2018, The conservation of forest biodiversity and forest ecosystem services. In: Alves A.M., Almeida M.H., Goes A. (Eds) Forest Plantations. Lisbon: Publindústria. pp.25-26.

Bugalho, M.N., Pinto-Correia, T., Pulido, F., 2018, Human use of natural capital generates cultural and other ecosystem services in montado and dehesa oak woodlands. In: Paracchini, M., Zingari, P., Blasi, C. (Eds). Reconnecting natural and cultural capital: Contributions from science and policy. Joint Research Centre, Luxembourgh, pp: 115-124. [Download]

Górriz-Mifsud, E., Bugalho, M.N., Corradini, G., Valbuena, P., 2018, Financial incentives and tools for Mediterranean Forests. In FAO and Plan Bleu (Eds). State of Mediterranean Forests 2018. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome and Plan Bleu, Marseille. pp: 229-242. [Download]

Lecomte, X., Caldeira, M.C,, Catry, F.X., Fernandes, P.M., Jackson, R.B., Bugalho, M.N., 2018, Ungulates mediate tradeoffs in C storage and wildfire hazard in Mediterranean oak woodlands. Journal of Applied Ecology 56(3):699-710.

(doi: 10.1111/1365-2664.13310)

Nogueira. C., Nunes, A., Bugalho, M.N., Branquinho, C., McCulley, R.L., Caldeira, M.C, 2018, Nutrient Addition and Drought Interact to Change the Structure and Decrease the Functional Diversity of a Mediterranean Grassland. Front. Ecol. Evol. 6:155. 

(doi: 10.3389/fevo.2018.00155)

Numa, C., Valderrábano, M., Alcázar, E., Barrios, V., Bourion, S., Bugalho, M.N. et al., 2018, Biodiversity conservation and protected areas in the Mediterranean region. In FAO and Plan Bleu (Eds). State of Mediterranean Forests 2018. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome and Plan Bleu, Marseille. pp.147-162.

Correia, R.A., Bugalho, M.N., Franco, A.M.A., Palmeirim, J.M., 2017, Contribution of spatially explicit models to climate change adaptation and mitigation plans for a priority forest habitat. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change.  

(doi: 10.1007/s11027-017-9738-z)

Lecomte, X., Caldeira, M.C., Bugalho, M.N., Fedriani, J.M., 2017, Combined effects of deer, mice and insect seed predation on the reproductive success of a Mediterranean shrub. Basic and Applied Ecology 21:45-54.

(doi: 10.1016/j.baae.2017.03.005)

Nogueira, C., Bugalho, M.N., Pereira, J.S., Caldeira, M.C., 2017, Extended autumn drought, but not nitrogen deposition, affects the diversity and productivity of a Mediterranean grassland. Environmental and Experimental Botany 138: 99-108.

(doi: 10.1016/j.envexpbot.2017.03.005)

Schwarz, N., Moretti, M., Bugalho, M.N., Davies, Z.G., Haase, D., Hack, J., Hof, A., Melero, Y., Pett, T.J., Knapp, S., 2017, Understanding biodiversity-ecosystem service relationships in urban areas: A comprehensive literature review. Ecosystem Services 27: 161-171.

(doi: 10.1016/j.ecoser.2017.08.014)

Bugalho, M.N., Dias, F.S., Briñas, B., Cerdeira, J.O., 2016, Using the high conservation value forest concept and Pareto optimization to identify areas maximizing biodiversity and ecosystem services in cork oak landscapes. Agroforestry Systems 90: 35-44.

(doi: 10.1007/s10457-015-9814-x)

Dias, F. S., Miller, D. L., Marques, T. A., Marcelino, J., Caldeira, M. C., Orestes Cerdeira, J., & Bugalho, M. N., 2016, Conservation zones promote oak regeneration and shrub diversity in certified Mediterranean oak woodlands. Biological Conservation 195: 226-234.

(doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2016.01.009)

Lecomte, X., Fedriani, J.M., Caldeira, M.C., Clemente, A.S., Olmi, A., Bugalho, M.N., 2016, Too Many Is Too Bad: Long-Term Net Negative Effects of High Density Ungulate Populations on a Dominant Mediterranean Shrub. PLoS ONE 11(7): e0158139.

(doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0158139)

Caldeira, M.C., Lecomte, X., David, T.S., Pinto, J.G., Bugalho, M.N. & Werner, C., 2015, Synergy of extreme drought and shrub invasion reduce ecosystem functioning and resilience in water-limited climates. Scientific Reports 5: 15110.

(doi: 10.1038/srep15110)

Dias, F.S., Bugalho, M.N., Rodríguez-González, P.M., Albuquerque, A., Cerdeira, J.O., 2015, Effects of Forest Certification on the Ecological Condition of Mediterranean Streams. Journal of Applied Ecology 52(1): 190-198. 

(doi: 10.1111/1365-2664.12358)

Silva, J.S., Catry, F.X., Moreira. F., Bugalho, M.N., 2015, The effects of deer exclusion on the development of a Mediterranean plant community affected by a wildfire. Restoration Ecology 23(6): 760-767. [Download]

(doi: 10.1111/rec.12242)

Bugalho, M. & Silva, L. , 2014, Promoting sustainable management of cork oak landscapes through payments for ecosystem services: the WWF Green Heart of Cork project. Unasylva 242. Vol.65. FAO. ISSN 0041-6436:29-33 [Download]

Ribeiro, P.F., Santos, J.L., Bugalho, M.N., Santana, J., Reino, L., Beja, P., Moreira, F., 2014, Modeling farming system dynamics in High Nature Value Farmland under policy change. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment 15: 138-144.

(doi: 10.1016/j.agee.2013.11.002)

Santana, J., Reino, L., Stoate, C., Borralho, R., Carvalho, C. R., Schindler, S., Moreira, F., Bugalho, M.N., Ribeiro, P.F., Lima Santos, J., Vaz, A., Morgado, R., Porto, M., Beja, P., 2014, Mixed effects of long-term conservation investment in Natura 2000 farmland. Conservation Letters 7: 467-477.

(doi: 10.1111/conl.12077)

Silva, J.S., Catry, F.X., Moreira, F., Lopes, T., Forte, T., Bugalho, M.N., 2014, Effect of deer on the post-fire recovery of a Mediterranean plant community in Central Portugal. Journal of Forest Research 19(2):276-284.

(doi: 10.1007/s10310-013-0415-0)

Bugalho, M.N, Ibanez, I., Clark, J.S., 2013, The effects of deer herbivory and forest type on tree recruitment vary with plant growth stage. Forest Ecology and Management 308: 90–100.

(doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2013.07.036)

Caldeira, M.C., Ibáñez, I., Nogueira, C., Bugalho, M.N., Lecomte, X., Moreira, A., Pereira, J.S., 2013, Direct and indirect effects of tree canopy facilitation in the recruitment of Mediterranean oaks. Journal of Applied Ecology 51(2):349-358.

(doi: 10.1111/1365-2664.12189)

Dias, F. S., Bugalho, M. N., Cerdeira, J. O., Martins, M. J., 2013, Is forest certification targeting areas of high biodiversity in cork oak savannas? Biodiversity and Conservation 22(1): 93-112.

(doi: 10.1007/s10531-012-0401-4)

Ferraz de Oliveira, M.I., Lamy, E., Bugalho, M.N., Vaz, M., Pinheiro, C., Cancela de Abreu, M., Capela e Silva, F., Sales-Baptista, E., 2013, Assessing foraging strategies of herbivores in Mediterranean oak woodlands: a review of key issues and selected methodologies. Agroforestry Systems 87 (6): 1421-1437.

(doi: 10.1007/s10457-013-9648-3)

Bellu, A., Bugalho, M., Monteiro, T., Costa, J.C. & Rego, F., 2012, Habitat use at fine spatial scale: how does patch clustering 5 criteria explain the use of meadows by red deer? European Journal Wildlife Research 58 (4): 645-654.

(doi: 10.1007/s10344-012-0612-8)

Correia, A.C., Minunnoa, F., Caldeira, M.C., Banza, J., Mateus, J., Carneiro, M., Wingatec, L., Shvalevad, A., Ramosa, A., Jongena, M., Bugalho, M.N., Nogueira, C., Lecomte, X. & Pereira, J.S., 2012, Soil water availability strongly modulates soil CO2 efflux in different Mediterranean ecosystems: Model calibration using the Bayesian approach. Agriculture Ecosystems and the Environment 161: 88-100.

(doi: 10.1016/j.agee.2012.07.025)

Bugalho, M.N., Caldeira, M.C., Pereira, J.S., Aronson, J.A. & Pausas, J., 2011, Mediterranean oak savannas require human use to sustain biodiversity and ecosystem services. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 5: 278-286. Podcast interview and Front Cover

(doi: 10.1890/100084)

Bugalho, M.N., Lecomte, X., Gonçalves, M., Caldeira, M.C. & Branco, M., 2011, Establishing grazing and grazing‐excluded patches increases plant and invertebrate diversity in a Mediterranean oak woodland. Forest Ecology and Management 261: 2133-2139.

(doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2011.03.009)

Branco, O., Bugalho, M., Silva, L.N., Barreira, R., Vaz, P.G., Dias, F., 2010, Hotspot Areas for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in Montados. Technical Report World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) Mediterranean – Portugal & Centre for Applied Ecology Prof. Baeta Neves (CEABN), 55 pp. [Download]

Catry, F.X., Bugalho, M., Silva, J.S. and Fernandes, P., 2010, A gestão da vegetação pós-fogo. In: Moreira, F., Catry, F., Silva, J. S. and Rego, F. (Eds), Ecologia do fogo e gestão de áreas queimadas, ISAPress, Lisboa, pp: 289-327.

Moreira, F., Fernandes, P., Silva, J.S., Pinho, J. and Bugalho, M., 2010, Princípios de gestão para minimizar impactos de incêndios florestais. In: Moreira, F., Catry, F., Silva, J. S. and Rego, F. (Eds), Ecologia do fogo e gestão de áreas queimadas, ISAPress, Lisboa, pp: 141-166.

Berrahmouni, N., Regato, P., Ellatifi, M., Daly-Hassen, H., Bugalho, M.N., Bensaid, S., Díaz, M., and Aronson, J., 2009, Ecoregional Planning for Biodiversity Conservation. In: Aronson, J., Pereira, J.S. and Pausas, J. (Eds), Cork Oak Woodlands on the Edge: Ecology, Biogeography, and Restoration of an Ancient Mediterranean Ecosystem, Island Press, Washington DC, pp: 213-216.

Bugalho, M.N., Plieninger, T., Aronson, J., Ellatifi, M., and Crespo, D.G., 2009, Open woodlands: a diversity of uses (and overuses). In: Aronson, J., Pereira, J.S. and Pausas, J. (Eds), Cork Oak Woodlands on the Eddge: Ecology, Biogeography, and Restoration of an Ancient Mediterranean Ecosystem, Island Press, Washington DC, pp: 33-45.

Moreira, F., Catry, F., Lopes, T., Bugalho, M., Rego, F., 2009, Comparing survival and size of resprouts and planted trees for post-fire forest restoration in central Portugal. Ecological Engineering 35: 870-873

(doi: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2008.12.017)

Bugalho M.N., 2008, O pastoreio como ferramenta para a prevenção dos fogos rurais. In: Belo Moreira, M., & Seita Coelho, I. (Eds), A silvopastorícia na prevenção dos fogos rurais. ISA Press, Lisboa, Portugal.

Bugalho, M.N. and Abreu, J.M., 2008, The multifunctional role of grasslands In: Porqueddu, C., and Tavares de Sousa, M.M. (Eds), Sustainable Mediterranean Grasslands and Their Multifunctions. Option Méditerraneénes, 79, pp: 25-30.

Bugalho, M.N. and Rocha, P., 2008, Socio-Economic Benefits of Natura2000: Case Study on the Ecosystem services Provided by the Natural Park of Vale do Guadiana (Portugal). Technical Report to European Commission. [Download]

Bugalho, M.N., Barcia, P., Caldeira, M.C., Cerdeira, J.O., 2008, Stable isotopes as ecological tracers: an efficient method for assessing the contribution of multiple sources to mixtures. Biogeosciences 5: 1351-1359

(doi: 10.5194/bg-5-1351-2008)

Pereira, J.S., Bugalho, M.N., Caldeira, M.C., 2008, Do sobreiro à cortiça: Um sistema sustentável, APCOR, Lisboa.

Silva, L., Bugalho, M.N., do Ó, A., 2008, Heat waves and forest fires: Summer 2003 in Portugal. WWF Report. In: (Eds) Stolton S., Dudley N. and Randall J. Natural Security Protected areas and hazard mitigation. WWF Report pp: 74-79.

Barcia, P., Bugalho, M.N., Campagnolo, M., Cerdeira, J.O., 2007, Using n-alkanes to estimate diet composition of herbivores: a novel mathematical approach. Animal 1: 141-149

(doi: 10.1017/S1751731107340068)

Bugalho, M., 2007, A Vitalidade dos Povoamentos de Sobreiro e Azinheira. Relatório Síntese da Conferência de Évora, 25 a 27 de Outubro de 2006. Centro de Ecologia Aplicada Prof. Baeta Neves, Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa.

Catry, F., Bugalho, M., Silva, J., 2007, Recuperação da Floresta após o Fogo - O caso da Tapada Nacional de Mafra, CEABN - ISA, Lisboa, 36p. [Download]

Catry, F.X., Bugalho, M., Lopes, T., Rego, F.C., & Moreira, F., 2007, Post-fire effects of ungulates on the structure, abundance and diversity of the vegetation in a Mediterranean Ecosystem. In: Rokich, D., Wardell-Johnson, Yates, C., Stevens, J., Dixon, K., McLellan, R. & Moss, G. (Eds), Proceedings of the MEDECOS XI 2007 Conference, 2-5 September, Perth, Australia. Kings Park and Botanic Garden, Perth, Australia, pp: 43-44.

Bugalho, M., 2006, O Pastoreio como Ferramenta para Gestão do Habitat e Prevenção de Incêndios (com.oral). In: Encontro sobre o papel da Silvopastoricia na prevenção de Incidêndios. Oeiras. 

Bugalho, M., Lecomte, X., Pile, S., Caldeira, M.C., 2006, Efeitos do pastoreio por cervídeos na regeneração natural e composição florística de uma pastagem. Revista de Ciências Agrárias 29: 145-150.

Catry, F., Rego, F.C., Bugalho, M., Lopes, T., Silva, J.S., Moreira, F., 2006, Effects of fire on tree survival and regeneration in a Mediterranean ecosystem, Forest Ecology and Management 234, Supp.1: page S197. (Abstract).

Catry, F.X., Rego, F.C., Bugalho M.N., Lopes T., Silva, J.S. and Moreira, F., 2006, Effects of fire on tree survival and regeneration in a Mediterranean ecosystem. In: Viegas, D.X. (Ed), Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Forest Fire Research, ADAI, 27-30 November, Figueira da Foz, ADAI. (CD-ROM: 5pp).

Ramos, J. A., Bugalho, M.N., Cortez, P., Iason, G.R., 2006, Selection of trees for rubbing by red and roe deer in forest plantations. Forest Ecology and Management 222: 39-45.

(doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2005.10.017)

Bugalho, M.N., Milne, J.A., Mayes, R.W., Rego, F.C., 2005, Plant wax alkanes as seasonal markers of red deer dietary components. Canadian Journal of Zoology 83: 465-473

(doi: 10.1139/z05-031)

Bugalho, M.N., Dove, H., Kelman, W., Wood, J. and Mayes, R.W., 2004, Plant wax alkanes and alcohols as herbivore diet composition markers. Journal of Range Management 57:259-268 [URL]

Bugalho, M.N. & Milne, J.A., 2003, The composition of the diet of red deer (Cervus elaphus) in a Mediterranean environment: a case of nutritional constraint? Forest Ecology and Management 181: 23-29

(doi: 10.1016/S0378-1127(03)00125-7)

Kelman, W., Bugalho, M.N. & Dove, H., 2003, Cuticular wax alkanes and alcohols used as markers to estimate diet composition of sheep (Ovis aries). Biochemistry Sistematics and Ecology 31: 919-927

(doi: 10.1016/S0305-1978(03)00081-4)

Bugalho, M., 2002, O veado na Tapada Real de Vila Viçosa, Fundação da Casa de Bragança, Lisboa.

Bugalho, M.N., Milne, J.A. & Mayes, R.W., 2002, The effects of feeding selectivity on the composition of the diet of herbivores as estimate by n-alkane analysis. Grass and Forage Science 57: 1-7

(doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2494.2002.00320.x)

Pereira, J.S., Correia, A.V., Correia, A.P, Branco, M., Bugalho, M.N. et al., 2002, Forests and Biodiversity. In: Santos, F.D., Forbes, K., Moita, R. (Eds), Climate Change in Portugal: scenarios, impacts and adaptation measures, Gradiva, Lisboa, Portugal, pp:363-414.  

Bugalho, M.N., Milne, J.A., Racey, P.A., 2001, The foraging ecology of red deer in a Mediterranean environment: is a larger body size advantageous? Journal of Zoology 255: 285-289. Front cover

(doi: 10.1017/S0952836901001376)

Pereira, J.S., Correia, A.V., Correia, A.P., Pereira, J.M.C., Caldeira, M.C., Freitas, H., Oliveira, A.C., Bugalho, M.N., Souto-Cruz, C., Vasconcelos, M.J. e Reis, C.M., 2001, Florestas e Biodiversidade. In: Santos, F.D., Forbes, K., Moita, R. (Eds), Mudança climática em Portugal. Cenários, impactes e medidas de  adaptação. Gradiva, Lisboa.

Bugalho, M.N., 2000, Red Deer Cervus elaphus Ecology. Naturlink. [URL]

Bugalho, M.N., 2000, The Feeding Ecology of Large Mammalian Herbivores. Naturlink. [URL]

Caldeira MC, Bugalho MN, 2000, Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Naturlink. [URL]

Caldeira, M.C., Bugalho, M.N. & Pereira, J.S., 2000, Biodiversidade e Funcionamento de Ecossistemas. Revista de Ciências Agrárias 23: 3-18.

Bugalho M. N., Milne J A, Mayes R W, 1999, The diet of red deer in Southern Portugal in relation to food availability". In: Advances in Deer Biology: IV International Conference on Deer Biology (Ed by Z. Zomborszky), pp: 216-218. Pannon University of Agriculture, Kaposvar, Hungria.

Bugalho M.N., Milne J. A., Mayes R. W., 1999, N-alkanes as markers for studies of diet composition of herbivores feeding on Mediterranean plant species. In: (Eds: Guy Stone, T.D.A. Forbes, J.W. Stuth, and F.M. Byers) Nutritional Ecology of Herbivores. Fifth International Symposium on the Nutrition of Herbivores (CD-Rom). San Antonio. Texas.

Bugalho, M.N., 1997, Deer and plants. Calibre 12. No72.

Bugalho, M. & Borralho, R., 1996, Some comments on competition, predation, and their role on the structure of natural communities. Silva Lusitana, 4 (1): 71-77.

Bugalho, M.N., 1996, Utilização da análise de alcanos para a determinação da dieta do Veado em Vila Viçosa. II Jornadas de Reflexão Sobre a Caça em Portugal, Leiria.

Bugalho, M.N., 1995, Disturbance - its relevance for the study of plant communities. Silva Lusitana, 2: 65-72.

Bugalho, M.N., 1995, Food utilization and niche separation in large mammalian herbivores. Revista de Ciências Agrárias, 18 (4): 75-82.

Bugalho, M.N., 1995, Pellet-group counts, an indirect method for assessing animal numbers and their use of the habitat. In: Segalina, G. (ed.) Learning from Forests, Proceedings of the 20 th IFSS Italia 92, Padua, Pp: 311-314.

Bugalho, M.N., 1995, Sistemas de Informação Geográfica e de Detecção Remota - sua importância para estudos de carácter ecológico. Revista Florestal, 8 (3): 3-8.

Rio Carvalho, C., Bugalho, J. F., Pestana Bastos, L., Bugalho, M., Mantas, A., Vilhena de Matos, J. F., Alves, R., & Borralho, R. , 1995, Transformações na base produtiva das regiões do interior de Portugal: o espaço rural. Ingenium, 82: 17-24.

Valuation of Ecosystem Services: Transform Agenda

Funding:  IAPMEI/PRR - Agendas Mobilizadoras para a Inovação Empresarial. Period: 1 Jan. 2022 to 31 Dec. 2025. Reference:  IAPMEI/PRR/Aviso 02/C05-i01/2022

CERTFOR: Effects of forest certification on the conservation of cork oak woodlands

Funding:  Science and Technology Foundation (FCT). Duration: 1st of January 2019 to 31st December 2022. Reference:  PTDC/ASP-SIL/31253/2017

PREVAIL - Prevention action increases large fire response preparedness

Funding: UNION CIVIL PROTECTION MECHANISM - Directorate General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO). Period: 1 February 2019 to 31 January 2021. Reference: Grant Agreement No. 826400-PREVAIL-UCPM-2018-PP-AG

Sustainable management of natural habitats in Protected Areas

Collaborative protocol. Period: September 2015 to September 2018.

ALTERFOR - Alternative models and robust decision: making for future forest management

Funding: Horizon 2020. Period: April 2016 to September 2020. Reference: 676754.

WILDGUM - A multi-scale approach to study the naturalization of blue gum (Eucalyptus globulus Labill.) in Portugal

Funding: Science and Technology Foundation (FCT). Period: May 2013 to May 2015. Reference: PTDC/AGR-FOR/2471/2012.

FIREREG - Factors affecting the post-fire natural regeneration variability in Pinus pinaster and Eucalyptus globulus in Portugal: implications for biodiversity and post-fire management

Funding: Science and Technology Foundation (FCT). Period: June 2010 to September 2013. Reference: PTDC/AGR-CFL/099420/2008.

Effects of pasture on the nutrition of free-ranging Alentejano pigs

Funding: Portuguese Science Foundation (FCT), POCTI Programme. Period: 2005-2007. Reference: POCTI/CVT/60411/2004.

Effects of deer on productivity and nutrient cycling of an oak woodland system

Funding: Portuguese Science Foundation (FCT), POCTI Programme.Period: 2005-2007.Reference: POCTI/AGR/63322/2004.

Resistance of tree species to fire and cumulative effects of herbivory

Funding: Portuguese Science Foundation (FCT), POCI Programme. Period: 2005-2007. Reference: POCI/AGR/61407/2004.

The impacts of acorn dispersal and grazing on cork oak regeneration of a montado system

Funding: Ministry of Agriculture, AGRO Programme, AGRO 669, Medida 8, Acção 8.1.Period: 2004-2006.

Restoration of Mediterranean evergreen oak woodland: effects of herbaceous vegetation on tree establishmen

Funding: Portuguese Science Foundation (FCT), POCTI Programme. Period: 2004-2006. Reference: POCTI/AGG/48704/2002.

Leguminous rich biodiverse pastures: a sustainable alternative for marginal land use

Funding: Ministry of Agriculture, AGRO Programme, AGRO 87, Medida 8, Acção 8.1. Period: 2001-2004.

The feeding ecology of deer and its effects on the regeneration of trees

Funding: Portuguese Science Foundation (FCT), POCTI Programme. Period: 2000-2003. Reference: POCTI/AGR/33929/99.

Post-Doctoral researchers

Ana Leal: “Management and conservation of cork oak woodlands: Is scientific knowledge reaching the stakeholders?” (completed)

Pedro Vaz: “Effects of mammalian herbivores and their interactions on oak regeneration and establishment” (ongoing)

Filipe Dias: “Forest certification and the conservation of forest ecosystem services” (completed)

Vanda Acácio: “Ecological thresholds for the regeneration and recruitment of Mediterranean oak forest ecosystems in Portugal” (completed)

Vânia Proença: “Native forest regeneration after rural abandonment: Drivers and ecosystem services” (completed)

PhD students

Lukas Flinzberger:"Sustainability Indicators and Certification in Mediterranean Agroforestry Systems", University of Göttingen, Germany: with Prof. Tobias Plienninger (ongoing)

Teresa Mexia: “Sustainable forest management and the conservation of cork oak woodlands” (ongoing)

Marija Cosovic: “Future forest management scenarios: Effects on biodiversity and ecosystem services” (ongoing)

Vasco Silva: “Effects of grazing on the conservation and ecosystem services of a Natura 2000 shrubland habitat” (thesis submited)

Xavier Lecomte: “Effects of deer and shrub encroachment on the ecosystem ecology of evergreen oak woodlands” (completed)

Mario Velamazán: “Management of wild ungulates and the conservation of Mediterranean woodlands” (completed, visiting PhD student)

Filipe Dias: “The role of forest certification for the conservation of biodiversity and sustainability of cork oak woodlands” (completed)

Annalisa Bellu: “Using plant community classification to assess foraging ecology of large herbivores” (completed)

MSc students

Maria Neno: ”Variation of Red deer (Cervus elaphus) trophy quality in Portugal with management and climate” (thesis submitted)

Mariana Carreira: “Effects of fertilization on plant diversity, plant productivity and plant nutritional quality for ruminants” (thesis submitted)

Sofia Gorgulho: "Linking population trends of wild herbivores harvested in Portugal and Hunting Zone characteristics: Effects of location, management, interspecific competition and land use dynamics” (thesis submitted)

Elvin Cohen:"Forest landscape restoration, biodiversity and ecosystem services"

Luis Acevedo Muñoz: “A novel approach to reduce fire exposure and promote nature conservation in Mediterranean ecosystems: the case study of Reserva Natural da Serra da Malcata, Portugal” (completed)

Berta Briñas García: “Mapping and identification of hotspots for biodiversity and ecosystem services in cork oak woodlands in Portugal” (completed)

Through a partnership with the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) I am coordinating a project on mapping the natural capital of cork oak and other forest ecosystems. We developed a WebGIS tool (www.habeas-med.org) which identifies important areas for the conservation of biodiversity and of ecosystem services. This is important to set up priority areas for conservation, for forest certification or to implement mechanisms for rewarding good ecosystem management practices (Payment for Ecosystem Services schemes).